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What is protein?

What is protein?


Proteins are complex large, molecules that play many critical roles in the body thereby doing most of the work in the cells. Proteins are essential for function, structure and regulation of the tissues and organs. The basic unit of the proteins is called amino acids, there are 20 different types of amino acids, 9 of which are essential and must be supplied by your diet, 6 which are conditionally essential which must be supplied by your diet in special circumstances and 5 that are non-essential meaning the body can make it. Our bodies need a continuous supply of amino acids to build new tissue such as hair, nails or growing muscle to name a few. The body also uses proteins to replace worn-out cells and cell structures such as red blood cells and cells lining your stomach. When old cells are broken down and replaced, some of their amino acids are conserved to build new structures, this is called protein turnover.

Can we overeat or waste Protein?

After reading this you will never waste your protein again!
Energy is lacking (the body starts to break down protein when the carbohydrate is used up, so even if you eat a big amount of protein you are going to feel hungry after a while. make sure to eat balanced meals that contain balanced amount of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Eating protein + carbohydrate ↑ muscle protein synthesis. The digestibility of the protein is affected by many factors such as Preparation method, Type of food, food processing, moist heat also improves digestibility. The type of food makes a difference in relation to the ease of digestion, animal protein is easier digested and absorbed than Legumes, and plant proteins comes last on the list in terms of speed of digestion.

Protein is overabundant your body will convert the excess calories from proteins to fat when you eat too much protein and your body has no more storage space, eating too much of anything is not good and same goes for protein, too much protein is not healthy and may associate with obesity and related health risks because of high saturated fat content of animal proteins which leads to heart disease, this can also exacerbate existing kidney problems. In addition, purified protein can lead to calcium loss in the urine. To avoid all these risks drink lots of water and eat your body’s requirement of proteins. Here is the formula for how you can calculate your body’s proteins needs (0.8 g per kg of body weight per day for Athletes and highly active individuals, 0.5 protein per kg of body weight per day for sedentary workers (10-35% of your overall calories consumed).

The quality of the diet’s protein is too low The Protein quality is important when making new protein; the body needs the full array of amino acids available. When non-essential amino acids are not provided by our diet, our bodies can make them from other sources. While our bodies cannot make essential amino acids, as a result, a high-quality protein needs to provide all the essential amino acids, and in amounts sufficient to meet your daily needs. Make sure that you regularly consume high-quality proteins to ensure the body will have a pool of amino acids from which to build new proteins. But what about diets composed predominantly of low-quality proteins that are missing 1 or more essential amino acids (like most plant foods). One of the solution is Complementary proteins (Eating a combination of foods so that amino acids that are low in some foods will be supplied by the others). Eating a combination of plant foods allows individuals to get all the essential amino acids. By combining two protein sources, the essential amino acids missing from one will be provided by the other (complementary proteins). Complementary proteins do not need to be eaten together, so long as they are eaten within the same day. Most vegetarians, do not need to attend to complementary proteins as long as they eat a diet that is varied, and adequate in energy and other nutrients. There is also, Mutual supplementation this is the concept of combining two incomplete protein sources so the limiting amino acid in one food makes up for the lacking in the other.

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